The loss of specialty stores shows the writing is on the urban diversity wall

What can a pen store teach a city? The answer is that the loss of a small specialty store can be a warning that the planning and running of a city has deep problems which, if left unaddressed, can lead to urban failure in very not much time. The Pen Corner in central Dublin closed last week after 94 years in business.

Habitats are surprisingly similar to natural habitats in that they can be stable, grow or shrink, depending on the circumstances. Unfortunately, some cities may even fail and die.

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